t.BA.AV.ACSYS-SM-EN.19HS (Aircraft Systems - Structure and Mechanical Systems) 
Module: Aircraft Systems - Structure and Mechanical Systems
This information was generated on: 18 May 2024
Aircraft Systems - Structure and Mechanical Systems
Organised by


Version: 3.0 start 01 February 2023

Short description

The Structure and Mechanical Systems module deals with the principles of aircraft design and mechanical systems.

Module coordinator

Leonardo Manfriani (mani)

Learning objectives (competencies)

Objectives Competences Taxonomy levels
be able to identify the various components and subsystems of the system "aircraft" F K1
be able to understand and explain principles, functions and interactions of structural components and mechanical systems F, M K2
be able to understand aircraft technical literature (Aircraft Operating Manuals, System Manuals) F K2
Fanalyse and compare different aircraft system architecture solutions F K4

Module contents

Aircraft structure
  • Introduction
    • stress-strain relationship; strain gauges
    • types of structural loading (tension, compression, torsion, shear, bending)
  • Aircraft materials
    • properties of metallic materials
    • fasteners and joints
    • corrosion
    • lightning strike considerations
  • Static design principles
    • Static equilibrium
    • Static stability; buckling of columns and panels
  • Aircraft loads
    • ​aerodynamic and inertia loads
    • flight and ground loads
    • flight envelope
    • gust loads
  • Aircraft structural design
    • Basic principles of truss, beam and shell structures
    • Monocoque and semi-monocoque design
    • Design philosophies: safe life, fail safe, damage tolerance
    • Fatigue requirements and testing
  • Structural components
    • wing and empennage
    • fuselage
    • landing gear
    • engine mounts
  • Stresses of structural elements
    • wing spar loading
    • loading of fuselage frames, beams and stringers
  • Dynamic loads and aeroelasticity
    • introduction to dynamic loads
    • introduction to aeroelasticity
    • torsional and aileron divergence
    • flutter
Mechanical systems
  • The landing gear
    • configurations and layouts
    • shock absorbers
    • fixed and retractable gears
    • steering
    • brakes, wheels and tyres
  • The fuel system
    • functions
    • components
    • system examples
    • fuel quantity measurement
    • fuel tank safety
  • The hydraulic system
    • functions
    • general layout
    • hydraulic fluids
    • cooling and filtering
    • components
    • system examples
  • The flight control system
    • principles
    • control surfaces
    • mechanical flight control systems
    • powered flight control systems; control feel
    • actuation
    • fly-by-wire systems
  • The pneumatic system
    • functions
    • pneumatic power generation and control
    • uses of bleed air in an aircraft
  • Ice protection
    • icing conditions
    • effects of ice accretion
    • ice detection
    • anti-icing and de-icing in flight
    • anti-icing and de-icing on the ground
  • The environmental control system
    • the need for a controlled cabin environment
    • air conditioning
    • cabin pressurisation
  • The cockpit
    • requirements and standards
    • evolution of aircraft displays
    • display system architecture
    • examples of display systems
    • modern developments
  • Emergency systems
    • introduction
    • warning, protection and escape systems
    • flight data and voice recorders

Teaching materials

Lecture slides, scripts, formulary

Supplementary literature

  • Klaus Engmann: Technologie des Flugzeuges, Leuchtturm-Verlag
  • Moir and Seabridge: Aircraft Systems, AIAA Education Series



Teaching language

() German (X ) English

Part of International Profile

(X) Yes () No

Module structure

Type 3c
  For more details please click on this link: T_CL_Modulauspraegungen_SM2025


Description Type Form Scope Grade Weighting
Graded assignments during teaching semester laboratories conducted in groups 1 lab attendance verification -
End-of-semester exam examination written 90 min marks 100%



Legal basis

The module description is part of the legal basis in addition to the general academic regulations. It is binding. During the first week of the semester a written and communicated supplement can specify the module description in more detail.


Course: Aircraft Systems - Structure and Mechanical Systems - Praktikum
Aircraft Systems - Structure and Mechanical Systems - Praktikum


  • No module description is available in the system for the cut-off date of 01 August 2099.
Course: Aircraft Systems - Structure and Mechanical Systems - Vorlesung
Aircraft Systems - Structure and Mechanical Systems - Vorlesung


  • No module description is available in the system for the cut-off date of 01 August 2099.